Submit form với Thymeleaf, Code ví dụ Spring Thymeleaf Form

Submit form với Thymeleaf, Code ví dụ Spring Thymeleaf Form

(Xem lại Xử lý form với Spring MVC)

Code ví dụ xử lý form với Spring Thymeleaf, giới thiệu và giải thích các thẻ khi xử lý form bằng thymeleaf.

Xử lý Form với Spring Thymeleaf

Các công nghệ sử dụng trong bài viết này

  • Spring 5.0.2.RELEASE
  • Thymeleaf 3.0.9.RELEASE
  • Thymeleaf-spring5 3.0.9.RELEASE
  • Maven
  • JDK 1.8

Tạo Maven project

Submit form với Thymeleaf, Code ví dụ Spring Thymeleaf Form

Thư viện sử dụng:

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
  xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
  <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
  <groupId>stackjava.com</groupId>
  <artifactId>SpringThymeleaf</artifactId>
  <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
  <packaging>war</packaging>

  <properties>
    <spring.version>5.0.2.RELEASE</spring.version>
    <thymeleaf.version>3.0.9.RELEASE</thymeleaf.version>
  </properties>
  <dependencies>
    <!-- Spring -->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
      <version>${spring.version}</version>
    </dependency>
    <!-- Thymeleaf -->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.thymeleaf</groupId>
      <artifactId>thymeleaf</artifactId>
      <version>${thymeleaf.version}</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.thymeleaf</groupId>
      <artifactId>thymeleaf-spring5</artifactId>
      <version>${thymeleaf.version}</version>
    </dependency>
  </dependencies>
</project>

File Spring config:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
  xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
  xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-4.3.xsd">

  <context:component-scan base-package="stackjava.com.springthymeleaf" />

  <bean id="templateResolver"
    class="org.thymeleaf.spring5.templateresolver.SpringResourceTemplateResolver">
    <property name="prefix" value="/WEB-INF/templates/" />
    <property name="suffix" value=".html" />
    <property name="templateMode" value="HTML5" />
    <property name="cacheable" value="false" />
  </bean>

  <bean id="templateEngine" class="org.thymeleaf.spring5.SpringTemplateEngine">
    <property name="templateResolver" ref="templateResolver" />
  </bean>

  <bean class="org.thymeleaf.spring5.view.ThymeleafViewResolver">
    <property name="templateEngine" ref="templateEngine" />
  </bean>

</beans>

File web.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
  xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee"
  xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_2_5.xsd"
  version="2.5">
  <display-name>SpringThymeleaf</display-name>

  <servlet>
    <servlet-name>spring-mvc</servlet-name>
    <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
    <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
  </servlet>

  <servlet-mapping>
    <servlet-name>spring-mvc</servlet-name>
    <url-pattern>/</url-pattern>
  </servlet-mapping>
</web-app>

File entities:

package stackjava.com.springthymeleaf.entities;

public class Employee {
  private int id;
  private String name;
  private String address;
  private String email;
  private String gender;
  private String[] favorites;
  private String position;

  // getter-setter

}

File Controller

package stackjava.com.springthymeleaf.controller;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.ui.Model;
import org.springframework.ui.ModelMap;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ModelAttribute;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod;

import stackjava.com.springthymeleaf.entities.Employee;

@Controller
public class EmployeeController {

  @RequestMapping(value = { "/", "/addEmployee" }, method = RequestMethod.GET)
  public String addEmployee(Model model) {
    model.addAttribute("employee", new Employee());
    List<String> listFavorite = new ArrayList<String>();
    listFavorite.add("Swimming");
    listFavorite.add("Listening music");
    listFavorite.add("Walking");
    listFavorite.add("Watching movie");
    listFavorite.add("Reading comic");
    model.addAttribute("listFavorite", listFavorite);
    List<String> listPosition = new ArrayList<String>();
    listPosition.add("Developer");
    listPosition.add("Designer");
    listPosition.add("Tester");
    listPosition.add("QA");
    model.addAttribute("listFavorite", listFavorite);
    model.addAttribute("listPosition", listPosition);
    return "add-employee";
  }

  @RequestMapping(value = "/addEmployee", method = RequestMethod.POST)
  public String doAddEmployee(@ModelAttribute("employee") Employee employee, ModelMap modelMap) {
    modelMap.addAttribute("employee", employee);
    return "view-employee";
  }

}

File view:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html xmlns:th="http://www.thymeleaf.org">
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<title>Spring MVC + Thymeleaf</title>
</head>
<body>
  <h2>Add Employee</h2>
  <form th:action="@{/addEmployee}" th:object="${employee}" method="post">
    <table>
      <tr>
        <td>Id</td>
        <td><input th:field="*{id}" /></td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td>Name</td>
        <td><input th:field="*{name}" /></td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td>Addess</td>
        <td><textarea th:field="*{address}" /></td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td>Email</td>
        <td><input th:field="*{email}" /></td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td>Gender</td>
        <td>
            <input type="radio" th:field="*{gender}" th:value="male" />
            <label th:text="male" />
            <input type="radio" th:field="*{gender}" th:value="female" />
            <label th:text="female" />
        </td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td>Favorite</td>
        <td>
          <ul style="list-style-type: none;">
            <li th:each="fa : ${listFavorite}">
              <input type="checkbox" 
                  th:field="*{favorites}"
                  th:value="${fa}" />
              <label th:text="${fa}"></label>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td>Position</td>
        <td>
                  <select th:field="*{position}">
                      <option value=""></option>
                      <option th:each="ps : ${listPosition}"
                          th:value="${ps}" th:text="${ps}"></option>
                  </select>
                </td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td colspan="2"><input type="submit" value="Submit" /></td>
      </tr>
    </table>
  </form>
</body>
</html>

  • th:action=”@{/addEmployee}”: khai báo action, @{/addEmployee} tương tự với việc mapping url trong spring mvc
  • th:object=”${employee}” tương tự với modelAttribute=“customer” trong spring mvc form
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html xmlns:th="http://www.thymeleaf.org">
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<title>Spring MVC + Thymeleaf</title>
</head>
<body>
  <h2>Employee</h2>
  <table>
    <tr>
      <td>Id:</td>
      <td><p th:text="${employee.id}" /></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Name:</td>
      <td><p th:text="${employee.name}" /></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Address:</td>
      <td><p th:text="${employee.address}" /></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Email:</td>
      <td><p th:text="${employee.email}" /></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Gender:</td>
      <td><p th:text="${employee.gender}" /></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Favorite:</td>
      <td>
        <p th:each="fa: ${employee.favorites}" th:text="${fa}"></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Position:</td>
      <td><p th:text="${employee.position}" /></td>
    </tr>
  </table>
</body>
</html>

Demo:

Code ví dụ Spring Thymeleaf Form, Xử lý Form Spring-Thymeleaf

Code ví dụ Spring Thymeleaf Form, Xử lý Form Spring-Thymeleaf

Submit form với Thymeleaf, Code ví dụ Spring Thymeleaf Form

Okay, Done!
Download code ví dụ trên tại đây

 

References:

http://www.thymeleaf.org/doc/tutorials/3.0/usingthymeleaf.html

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